“5.09 Final Draft” – FLVS Journalism Assignment

For this assessment, you must revise and polish your final draft and then submit it to an appropriate, credible news organization to be considered for publication or broadcast. Contact the organization ahead of time to determine whether it is accepting freelance submissions and, if so, what its submission guidelines are. You may choose to submit your work to your school newspaper.

When you have submitted your work to a news organization, send the same revised story to your instructor, along with the name and contact information of the person who is reviewing your writing. Take a look at this example to see how you should submit your work. Continue reading

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“5.06 First Draft” – FLVS Journalism Assignment

For this assessment you must complete a multiple-choice quiz in preparation for beginning your first draft. You may wish to review the information you have learned in this lesson to make sure you are comfortable with the stylistic rules of news writing.

Once you feel comfortable with style, you should get to work on writing your first draft. In the next lesson you will need to have a draft completed, so begin writing as soon as possible.


 

First Draft:

On April 20th, 2010, the Gulf of Mexico, was flooded with thousands of gallons of crude oil, gushing from an underwater oil well. With this huge disaster affecting places all around us, this question is raised “How will this effect our marine environment?” With people all over the country wondering this very same thing, I think it’s time we address this very important issue. Offshore oil drilling is dangerous for our oceans, there has to be some way that we can make it less dangerous.

According to Justin Williams, from the National Ocean Industries Association he says he has seen ” the attitude I have gaged especially in the last few years, is that companies are putting such more of a focus on safety. ” He goes on to say that with the example of the settlement amounts that BP had to pay the local, state, and federal governments, after the Deepwater Horizon spill, it would be in oil companies best interest be more safe, considering how much it will cost them if they are not. But it doesn’t seem that that is phasing oil companies. Just this past May a Texas based company has an oil spill in California effecting several miles of coastline, and spilling about 142,800 gallons of crude oil spilled, with 21,000 of those gallons spilling directly into the ocean off Santa Barbara county Calif. The cause? A corroded pipeline ruptured. Ten years ago, this same compnay reached a deal with the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Justice Department, to pay more than $40 million and according to CNN ” The settlement, including a $3.2 million penalty, resolved violations of the Clean Water Act stemming from 10 oil spills in four U.S. states from 2004 to 2007. ” It doesn’t seem to me that the “cost factor” is really keeping oil companies in check.

Sadly it looks like the advice that Scott Sanders would give these companies about oil spill protection is not being implemented.  ” I would say that projects of that nature need to assess what kind of impact their gonna have on the environment so that they can plan their project in a way that avoids as many of those impacts as possible, and where they can’t avoid of minimize they need to have a plan to mitigate or to offset any unavoidable impacts associated with the project.”

All these devastating effects that offshore oil drilling have on our beautiful oceans are long lasting. They are not able to just be washed away, or cleaned up instantaneously. Scientists investigating the long-term impacts of the Exxon Valdez spill estimated that nearly 20,000 gallons of oil from that spill remain in Prince William Sound, 26 years later, continuing to harm threatened and endangered species, and undermine their recovery. Most likely we will be looking at this very same thing in the areas of the Gulf of Mexico, with the Deepwater Horizon spill, and the Santa Barbara county coastline.

 

“5.05 Lead Sentence and Outline” – FLVS Journalism Assignment

For this assessment you must create an outline for your news story and draft a lead sentence. Your sentence must meet the following requirements:

  1. It must be between 20 and 30 words long.
  2. It must address at least three of the WWWWWH questions.
  3. It must provide essential information to the reader.
  4. It must use active structure.
  5. It must be written without expression of opinion.

 

Lead Sentence: On April 20th, 2010, the Gulf of Mexico, was flooded with thousands of gallons of crude oil, gushing from an underwater oil well. With this huge disaster affecting places all around us, this question is raised “How will this effect our marine environment?”

 

Outline  

Paragraph 1:

  • Lead Sentence
  • Introduction

Paragraph 2:

  • What the experts say
  • Why it’s bad

Paragraph 3:

  • Brief summary
  • Conclusion

“5.04 Elements of a Good Interview” – FLVS Journalism Assignment

For this assessment you must conduct two interviews for your project. Each interview needs to consist of at least 10 open questions (as opposed to “yes” or “no” questions). Some of your questions may be the same between interviews, but at least three should refer specifically to the person you are interviewing at the time.

Submit your interview questions and their answers to your instructor, along with a one-paragraph reflection about how you feel each interview went. Identify areas where you did well and areas where you could have improved.


 

Interview with Mr. Scott Sanders of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission

  1. What is your opinion on Offshore Drilling?

“I don’t have an opinion if you will as far as good or bad. I would say that projects of that nature need to assess what kind of impact they’re gonna have on the environment so that they can plan their project in a way that avoids as many of those impacts as possible, and where they can’t avoid of minimize they need to have a plan to mitigate or to offset any unavoidable impacts associated with the project.”

 

  1. Do you think offshore drilling in the Gulf affects our beaches here in Florida, either on the gulf side or on the eastern coast side even?

“Well I would say that there is potential for there to be impacts. Um again its gonna depend on how they are planned and  what kind of contingency plans they have in place, should something happen.”

 

  1. What do you the worst thing that could happen with offshore drilling, what do you would have the biggest impact on Florida?

“Well I think something along the line of the Deepwater Horizon spill where some of the safety features that they had felt like they had in place did not end up working the way they hoped they would. And as a result there was a lot of oil that went directly into the water column, into the ocean for a quite a time, and we found it very difficult, if not very impossible to clean up immediately, and it dispersed and it caused some damage. So in my mind that represents a kind of worst case scenario, something that we kinda should avoid in the future.”

 

  1. Did you know that there is actually tons of waste that oil rigs release into the water constantly, so it’s not just and oil spill that could affect our environment, but constant rig waste in our oceans?

“You know I would have to say that I am not aware of that in any detail, I’ve never actually personally be out on an oil well.”

 

  1. What do you think is a good solution to our offshore drilling problems, what do you think we could do to make it safer?

“Well I think one we need to have good advance planning. We need to learn from the mistakes and problem and issues that we’ve had in the past, and they certainly don’t need to be cutting any corners on having plans and backup plans to avoid worst case scenarios. ”


 

Interview with Mr. Justin Williams of the National Ocean Industries Association 

  1. What is your view on offshore drilling?

“Okay, I think it holds a tremendous potential for the US as far jobs, energy.Um  I mean the numbers for developing energy offshore is generating 1.3 trillion dollars for economy, and 1.2 million jobs.  I just is a tremendous asset that we are under utilizing.”

  1. What do we do in the case of a spill because oil spills are extremely harmful for our marine environment and they definitely do not help the environment, so what do we do in that case?

“Well there is legitimate environmental concerning the Deepwater Horizon, but the attitude I have gaged especially in the last few years, is that companies are putting such more of a focus on safety. I mean if you look at the BP settlement that settlement alone all penalties paid in the state and locally, 18- 20 billion dollars, and then an additional several billion dollars, even though the figure is not know because it’s still ongoing, but they will pay out for private damages. So you if there is actually a safety thing, it’s cost prohibitive for any sort of company to kind of throw safety to the wind, and I think the attitude now is we have to be safe, we have to protect our coast.”

 

  1. So what do you say to people who are skeptical or very much against offshore drilling, that you hope would change their view of offshore drilling?

“Well a lot of the criticism has been from two very visible issues. But I would just say look at the safety measures in the last five years. I mean look at when hurricanes Katrina and Rita came through, the preparation that were used, there were nineteen oil rigs that were cut in the gulf, a very minimal amount of oil spill. I mean the bottom line is energy consumption throughout the world, not only in the US but throughout the world, is growing, and we have to get, the energy has to come from somewhere, do we want it to come from the US, do we want it to come from other countries, or the government, or other companies.  We have safer standards in the US, nobody can really skirt the rules. I mean estimates put that in 2040 um about 80 percent of energy will still be fossil fuels, so the demand will be there, and if we do here in the US then it will be safer and better, more reliable, cleaner than if we out sources it to other parts of the world.”

 

  1. would happen if we stopped offshore drilling here in the US, other than the loss of all those jobs it does create, and um the potential for all that extra money coming in, what other impacts do you think it would have if we just stopped it all together?

“Well um, okay so I mean the jobs and economic thing is huge, and then you would kind of have the trickle effect from that, the ratio of federal revenue that is coming in, because government makes billions of dollars in oil sales and of oil that’s extracted. Also there is more of a push for foreign policy aspects, I think that prices in general would increase, because even though US oil refineries are constructed in a way that they can’t really process the type of crude oil that is in the US, they can process oil from other countries, so there will be sort of global increase, so consumers will feel a pinch on their pockets from everything from heating to filling up the gas tank, to airplane flights which is already something that is highly taxed, I just think that the general standard of living will get much more expensive.”

 

  1. Okay, so I recently read a study from the US Dept. Of Energy and they stated that because oil prices are determined by the international market, any impact on average wellhead  prices through offshore oil drilling would not be significant enough, do you agree with that, and if so, why?

“Well I think that in the short-term the offshore time window is about 10 to 15 years from  the time you drill, to when you process and refine it, so that window is very large, I mean I haven’t actually read the study, and looked at the methodology, but there obviously is a  lot of uncertainty, I’m not sure what particular time frame is in the study. Now if you look in the basic sense 10 to 15 years out, how much energy will the world consume? Now the averages prices, I think it would have an impact on energy prices, by the time it hit the market. Yea so without actually looking at the study, I can’t really respond to it specifically but that there has to be a lot of uncertainty built it to the models for that study.”

 

  1. Okay one last question. Are you aware that offshore oil rigs actually not only produce the obviously inevitable oil spill, but they additionally dump thousands of gallons of chemical slug waste into the from the oil rig itself in to the ocean, are you aware of that, and what should we do to stop that?

“I think that it goes back to the emphasis that we’ve seen of companies understating the liability. If you look prior to about 5 years ago, there was a lot of finger-pointing from the oil major pointing down to the companies that they are contracting out, I mean you have to understand that these are extremely complex processes with several companies of various sizes involved,  on the outside a lot of people oh this is BP, this is Shell, or Exxon, but surely this is really so complicated so my point is that there is a lot of finger-pointing. Now in the last few years, there really has been a strong development in setting up contract between service providers and the actually companies, producers themselves, and establishing clear lines of liability  throughout the supply chain, so I think through these developments the whole process has gotten a cleaner, and a lot safer. And then also there is, I mean the federal government has been a very strong backer of uh, you know um decommissioning the rigs, so it’s not as challenging as in the past to clean them up, and they are sinking them to the bottom of the ocean, becoming some sort of marine estuaries. I mean if you look at sort of economy of the western gulf of Mexico, which that is the main area of the US aside from part of Alaska, and offshore um, Louisiana produces I think a couple of times more energy from their own sources than the other states California, Alabama, Texas, combined, but they also have some most rich, I think are like somewhere between number 4 or number 5 in recreational fishing and some of the richest commercial fisheries  on this continent, in fact they might be like number 1 in that area. But I think that you any industry, no matter what it is, does have an environmental impact but I think, you we look at the western gulf of Mexico, they have a very, multi decade experience in the oil industry, and they are for the most part doing a good job out there, as far as protecting wildlife because you still have a large portion of those states economies that are dependant on tourism, are dependent on fishing, so yea it’s in their best interest to prevent it.”

 

Thank you to both the Men I interviewed. I greatly appreciate the time y’all took out of your extremely busy day to let a High School student interview you for a some little article. Thank you so much.

“7.00 Starting Your Project” – FLVS Journalism Assignment

Reporter’s Notebook

For this journal entry, you will reflect upon your thoughts about journalism. Write two paragraphs showing how your perception of journalism has changed in this course.

In your first paragraph, explain how you felt about journalism before you took this class. Be sure to answer the following questions in your paragraph:

  1. What did you think a journalist was before you started this course?
  2. What did you think the purpose of journalism was before you started this course?
  3. What did you know or believe about journalistic ethics before you started this course?
  4. What did you understand about the difference between impartial reporting and opinion writing before you started this course?
  5. Were you interested in journalism as a career before you started this course? Why, or why not?

Write a second paragraph that explains your thoughts on journalism today. Reflect upon your experiences in this class. Be sure to answer the following questions in your paragraph:

  1. How has your definition of a journalist changed?
  2. What do you think the purpose of journalism is now?
  3. What do you know and believe about journalistic ethics now? How is this different or the same from what you knew before?
  4. How has your understanding of the difference between impartial reporting and opinion writing changed?
  5. Are you interested in journalism as a career now? Why or why not?
  6. What do you believe the future holds for journalism?

Your journal entry should be at least two paragraphs of your own writing, and you must give credit to all sources you use or quote. Try to be as informative as possible.

 

Before this course, Journalists to me have always been newspaper reporters, sports photographers and news anchors. I thought the purpose of journalists was to inform the public about issues, and current events around the world. I knew nothing about ethics, and their role in the world of news or reporting. Impartial and opinion writing  was very important, in my opinion. It was important to distinguish between the two, and not to mix them. I was somewhat interested in a career in journalism when I started this course. The reason being that I was very interested in incorporating photography in my future career, and I thought that Photojournalism would be a good way to do that.

My definition of journalism has changed a little bit, since before I enrolled in this course. My mother, a freelance journalist herself, has always exposed my siblings and I to a several journalistic type events throughout my life. I think that the purpose of journalism is still to inform the greater public of current important events nationally and locally. Like I said before, I didn’t have a clue about ethics, and their role in journalism, and now I see how important they are in journalism, as a whole. I am actually no longer interested in a journalistic career, because I have found something that I am much more passionate about studying and pursuing as a long-term career. I honestly do not know what the future may hold for journalism. I think that possibly journalism, and news will be much more personal, and even more reachable than it already is.

“6.02 Getting an Education” – FLVS Journalism 1 Assignment

For this assessment you must create a life plan.

State your career path and first milestone. Then answer the following questions in at least two sentences each:

  • How do I get there from here?
  • What education do I need to reach this milestone?
  • What education do I need to succeed in this career?
  • What steps can I take now to begin preparing my future?
  • How long might this take me?

When you are done, write a one-paragraph reflection about your life plan. Respond to the overall process. Do you think your goals are reasonable? Why or why not? How does it make you feel to have written a career plan? Why do you think people engage in this kind of activity? Be as thoughtful as you can in your response.

 

Well, I sort of feel weird writing up a life plan for a journalism class, even though I don’t plan on pursuing a career in journalism. But here we go.

My career path, as I see it, at this point (take note: I am only 16. I have a long way to go, and many things might change) is go to a university and study Marine Science. My first goal is to get a sports scholarship for that university. Getting a scholarships require a huge amount of focus, perseverance, and strength, so it will not be easy, at all. Once I get to college, and begin my higher education in Marine Science, I will get an internship at a Marine Science lab, or research center, an important way to get more experience, in my field.

The position I would eventually like to achieve, once I am through with college, is to work for the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission (FWC) as a Biological Scientist, or a Research Scientist.

This goal will take me several years, but it will be worth it, in the end. The steps I can take now, are to stay dedicated to my school classes, and to my sport, volleyball, in order to make good grades, and be of good skill, so that I can get a scholarship. I am very motivated, and so far, pretty dedicated as well. There will be times when it is very hard o focus, or concentrate, or to just have to the strength to get out of bed, but I know that I will make it, if I stay true to myself, and stay focused.

“6.01 Your Interest Inventory” – FLVS Journalism 1 Assignment

For this assessment you must research the career in journalism that interests you most. This can be a position described in this course, or it can be another news position that you would like to consider. Find a listing for an opening online. Evaluate the following details of the listing:

  • Where is the job located?
  • About how much money can a person in that position expect to make?
  • What skills are required?
  • What level of education is required?
  • What kind of experience is expected?

You must select a Web 2.0 tool to present your findings. Possible Web 2.0 tools are a talking avatar, a video, a slideshow, or even a podcast. Be creative and have fun trying a new Web 2.0 tool! Provide all of the information listed above, as well as a link to the job listing itself.

There are many 21st century tools available for effective collaboration and communication in the online environment. For more information on tools your school uses, please contact your instructor or visit the Web 2.0 tools area.

When you have done this, post the results of your Interest Machine quiz for discussion. Explain in one paragraph whether you agree or disagree with the Interest Machine, and why. You may also choose to present your findings for job openings. This can be a great opportunity to share useful information with others!

 

The First position I happened upon, is not your typical Photojournalism position, but none the less, it is just as demanding and professional as any other photojournalist. This position, is for a photojournalists with the United States Air Force. You will be an enlisted airman(or women!), as opposed to a commissioned officer. You are not required to have a college degree, but it would not hurt to have a degree in Mass Communication. As all airmen and women do, you will go through 8 and a 1/2 weeks of basic military training in Fort Meade, Florida. It is also expected that you have a considerable amount of background education, and/or experience in some form of photojournalism.

My Interest Machine results are as follows: “You may want to video, photograph, or edit images for television news!”